The History of Lady Justice
Lady Justice is known as the Roman goddess of Justice (as Justita) and is equivalent to Themis, a Greek goddess who is described as “the Lady of good counsel”. Lady Justice can also be traced as far back as the ancient Egyptians goddess Isis and Maat. She was first sculpted with her blindfold by Hans Gieng, a Renaissance sculptor, in the late 15th century. The blindfolded Lady Justice represents a theory in law: blind justice.
Balance Scales: These signify fairness and the commitment of the law (through its legislatures) to evaluate the evidence submitted to the court. Each side of a legal case should be looked at and evaluations made as justice is done.
Sword: This article represents administration and respect, and means that justice stands by its decision and ruling, and is able to take action. The fact that the sword is uncovered and very visible is a sign that justice is transparent and is not an implement of fear. A double-edged blade signifies that justice can rule against either of the parties once the evidence has been examined, and it is bound to enforce the ruling as well as protect or secure the acquitted party.
Blindfold: During the 16th century was the first appearance of lady justice, and has been used occasionally since then. Deceptively, its original importance was that the judicial system was bearing abuse or ignorance of aspects of the law. However, in modern times, the blindfold represents the fairness and impartiality of the law and that it doesn’t let outside issues, such as politics, wealth or fame, influence its decisions.
Certain sculptors, however, consent her blindfold off and create her with a scale in one hand and a sword in the other. Some courts leave her blindfold off due to the circumstance she was originally not blindfolded. Others believe that the blindfold is out of work to her sword and scale and that her “maidenly form” promises her objectivity. The scale signifies justice that is well balanced and fair while the sword signifies the power and strength of justice.
Lady Justice, with or without her blindfold, is a symbol to all on how the court system tries to be fair and grant everyone with a fair trial further than preconception. Mostly now the lady justice is blind to the poor and influenced by the rich.
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